Chapter 11: Human Body Systems
ule 11.1 Animal bodies are organized into a structural hierarchy.
1. Place the following levels of biological organization into the proper order from smallest to largest: tissues, cells, organ systems, organs, and organism.
2. One of the most fundamental relationships in biology is between and .
3. No other cell in your body has the structure of a neuron. Based on your knowledge of form and function, what can you infer from this?
Anatomy is to as physiology is to .
5. True or False, If false, make it a true statement: At each new level of biological organization, there are functions that did not exist at the previous level.l
6. “The whole is greater than the sum of the parts” is a statement that you hear often about sports teams. Briefly explain what that statement means in the context of anatomy and physica
7. Which of these levels of organization includes the other: cell, organ?
Module 11.2 The human body contains several major types of tissues.
8. True or False, If false make it a true statement: Cells usually work alone.
9. A(n) is a group of cells with similar structures and functions.
10. List the four animal tissue types.
11. Which of the following is a type of connective tissue?
a. |_| blood
b. |_| skeletal muscle
c. |_| epithelium
d. |_| nervous tissue
12. Most students do not realize what they are actually eating when they consume a New York strip steak. What tissue type are they primarily consuming?
prrimary function of nervous tissue is .
14. You raise your hand in class to answer a question that the professor asked. Which muscle type did you just use? Briefly explain your answer.
15. What major tissue type is illustrated here:
Module 11.3 An animal’s internal environment remains relatively constant.
16. True or false, If false, make it a true statement: The human body’s internal environment is constantly fluctuating in response to fluctuating conditions outside.
17. Homeostasis literally translates to “steady state.” Explain why this is an accurate term for what it describes.
18. According to the graph, how long after eating does the blood glucose level spike?
19. is the type of regulation that controls homeostasis.
20. What are the levels of glucose in the blood at 2 hours in a person without diabetes compared to a person with diabetes?
21. List two organ systems that are involved in homeostasis, and provide an example of how each system contributes to homeostasis.
22. Complete the following table regarding negative feedback:
23. Complete the following diagram, which represents negative feedback.