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    Outline/Annotated Bibliography. Each student will begin research on Augmentative & Alternative Communication (AAC) by locating and reading 10 journal

    Assessment 1: Outline/Annotated Bibliography. Each student will begin research on Augmentative & Alternative Communication (AAC) by locating and reading 10 journal

    articles of interest. A 1,000 word annotated bibliography consisting of an APA style citation and a few bullet points summarizing each article will be written (See

    example below). The articles must be recent (within the last ten years) and from peer-refereed professional journals. Based on your research, develop an outline to be

    used to turn this bibliography into an AAC research paper.
    Example of citation/annotation:
    Gentry, T., Lau, S., Molinelli, A., Fallen, A., & Kriner, R. (2012). The Apple iPod touch as a vocational support aid for adults with autism: Three case studies.

    Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 37(2), (Advance online publication) DOI: 10.3233/JVR-2012-0601
    •    The task management and organizational features of PDAs can help people with ASD function more successfully in the workplace. ?
    •    4 year randomized trial ?
    •    iPod programmed with task reminders and lists; video prompts; tools for behavioural self- ?management, and other supports. ?
    •    Versatility of PDAs to support people with ASD

    An aggregate study of single-case research involving aided AAC:
    Participant characteristics of individuals with autism spectrum disorders
    Jennifer B. Ganz a,*, Theresa L. Earles-Vollrath b, Rose A. Mason a, Mandy J. Rispoli a,
    Amy K. Heath a, Richard I. Parker a
    a Texas A&M University, United States
    b University of Central Missouri, United States
    1. Introduction and purpose
    1.1. Introduction
    Although autism spectrum disorder (ASD) continues to be identified as a low incidence disability, it is now one of the most
    common disabilities affecting the developmental trajectories of children (Boyd, Odom, Humphreys, & Sam, 2010; Coolican,
    Smith, & Bryson, 2010; National Research Council, 2001). At the center of the symptoms associated with ASD are challenges
    in receptive and expressive communication, including impairments in utilizing and understanding verbal and nonverbal
    language (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000). The variation in communications skills of individuals with ASD is
    broad, and may include a lack of socio-communicative skills, use of some odd but purposeful language, or absence of
    language (National Research Council, 2001). More than half of the individuals identified as having ASD lack the basic verbal
    and nonverbal skills necessary to express fundamental needs (Cafiero, 2001). This is particularly important considering that
    the degree of communication proficiency correlates with the long-term ramifications of the disability (Garfin & Lord, 1986).
    Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders 5 (2011) 1500–1509
    A R T I C L E I N F O
    Article history:
    Received 15 February 2011
    Accepted 17 February 2011
    Available online 9 April 2011
    Keywords:
    Autism spectrum disorders
    Augmentative and alternative
    communication
    Participant characteristics
    Interventions
    Research review
    A B S T R A C T
    Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who cannot speak at all or not
    intelligibly are frequently taught to use aided augmentative and alternative communication
    (AAC). The majority of the research on the use of AAC with individuals with ASD
    has been single-case research studies. This investigation involved a meta-analysis of the
    single-case research on the use of aided AAC with individuals with autism spectrum
    disorders (ASD), investigating the differential impacts of AAC by participant characteristics.
    An effect size measure, the Improvement Rate Difference (IRD) was used to analyze
    24 single-case studies. Two research questions were investigated concerning (a) the
    impact of AAC interventions on individuals diagnosed with subcategories of ASD and comorbid
    conditions, and (b) the effects of AAC interventions on individuals in different age
    groups. Results indicated that participants with ASD and no additional diagnoses had
    better outcomes than others and that participants with ASD and developmental
    disabilities outperformed participants with ASD and multiple disabilities. Further,
    preschool-aged participants had better outcomes than elementary-aged and secondary-
    aged participants. Participants in all diagnostic categories and age ranges had
    moderate or better effects.
    2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    * Corresponding author at: Texas A&M University, Department of Educational Psychology, 4225 TAMU, College Station, TX 77843, United States.
    Tel.: +1 979 862 2823; fax: +1 979 862 1256.
    E-mail address: jeniganz@tamu.edu (J.B. Ganz).
    Contents lists available at ScienceDirect
    Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
    Journal homepage: http://ees.elsevier.com/RASD/default.asp
    1750-9467/$ – see front matter 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
    doi:10.1016/j.rasd.2011.02.011

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