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    . What are the abnormal behaviors?

    Directions: Read the follow case study and using the provided guidelines and rubric provide an analysis.

    Melissa was 22 years old whens she
    reluctantly agreed to interrupt her college education in mid-semester and admit herself for the eighth time to a psychiatric hospital. Her psychologist, Dr. Swenson,

    and her psychiatrist, Dr. Smythe, believed neither therapy nor medication was currently effective in helping her control her symptoms and that continued outpatient

    treatment would be too risky. Of most concern was that Melissa was experiencing brief episodes in which she felt that her body was not real, and, terrified, would

    secretly cut herself with a knife in order to feel pain, thereby feeling real. During the first part of the admission interview at the hospital, Melissa angrily denied

    that she had done anything self-destructive. She did not sustain this anger, however, and was soon in tears as she recounted her fears that she would fail her mid-term

    examinations and be expelled from college. The admitting psychiatrist also noted that, at times, Melissa behaved in a flirtatious manner, asking inappropriate personal

    questions such as whether any of the psychiatrist’s girlfriends were in the hospital.
    Upon arrival at the inpatient psychiatric unit, Melissa once again became quite angry. She protested loudly, using obscene and abusive language when the nurse-in-

    charge searched her luggage for illegal drugs and sharp objects. These impulsive outbursts of anger had become quite characteristic of Melissa over the past several

    years. She would often express anger at an intensity level that was out of proportion to the situation. When she became angry, she would actually do or say things that

    she later regretted, such as extreme verbal abuse of a close friend, or breaking a prized possession. In spite of the negative consequences of these actions and the

    ensuing guilt and regret on Melissa’s part, she seemed unable to stop herself from periodically losing control of her anger.
    Over the next two weeks, Melissa seemed to be getting along rather well. Despite some complaints of feeling depressed, she was always very well dressed and groomed, in

    contrast to the more psychotic patients. Except for occasional episodes when she became verbally abusive and slammed doors, Melissa appeared and acted like a staff

    member. Indeed, Melissa began taking on the “therapist” role with other patients, listening intently to their problems and suggesting solutions. She would observe as a

    spokesperson for the more disgruntled patients, expressing their concerns and complaints to the administrators of the treatment unit.
    Melissa became particularly attached to several staff members and arranged one-on-one talks with them as often as possible. Melissa used these talks to complain about

    alleged inadequacies and unprofessionalism of other staff members. She would also point out to whomever she was talking that he was one of the few who knew her well

    enough to be able to help her. There talks usually ended with flattering compliments from Melissa as to how understanding and helpful she found that particular staff

    person. These overtures made it difficult for certain of these selected staff members to confront Melissa on issues such as violations of rules of the treatment unit.
    By the end of the third week of hospitalization, Melissa no longer appeared to be in acute distress so discussions were begun concerning her discharge form the

    hospital. At about this time Melissa began to drop hints in her therapy sessions with Dr. Swenson that she has been withholding some kind of secret. Dr. Swenson

    confronted this issue in therapy and encouraged her to be more open and direct if there was something about which she was especially concerned. Melissa then revealed

    that since her second day in the hospital, she has been receiving illegal street drugs from two friends who visited her. Besides occasionally using the drugs herself,

    Melissa had been giving them to other patients on the unit. The situation was quickly brought to the attention of all the other patients on the unit in a meeting

    called by Dr. Swenson; during the meeting Melissa protested that the other patients had “forced” her to bring them drugs, and that she actually had no choice in the

    matter. Dr. Swenson interpreted this as meaning that Melissa had found it intolerable to be rejected by other people and was willing to go to any lengths to avoid such

    Soon after the incident came to light, Melissa experienced another episode of feeling as if she were unreal, and cut herself a number of times across her wrists with a

    soda can she has broken in half. The cuts were deep enough to draw blood but were not really life threatening. In contrast to pervious incidents, she did not try to

    keep this hidden and several staff members, therefore, concluded that Melissa was malingering – exaggerating the severity of her problem so she could remain in the

    hospital longer.

    * Spitzer, R.L. (2002). DSM-IV-TR casebook: A learning companion to the diagnostic and
    statistical manual of mental disorders. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.

    A. As per syllabus: Case Study Analyses: Students will be expected to read and analyze two case studies presented by the instructor. Each case study will present a

    hypothetical situation and students must critically analyze and determine their course of action. Students will be expected to evaluate specific points within this

    two-page paper (does not include the title, abstract or reference pages). Students will be expected to utilize at least two scholarly sources in order to further

    develop their analysis. These sources should consist of peer reviewed journals or books relative to the study of [abnormal] psychology. APA format will be strictly

    enforced. Each paper is worth 50 points, totaling 100 points.

    B. NOTE: You need to use a minimum of two outside sources to further analyze the case study content. Be sure that these are scholarly in nature and that the

    publication date is within the last 10 years. The purpose of utilizing sources should be to further discuss the disorder, the symptomology, course of treatment, etc.

    in more detail and through the lens of a researcher and practitioner.

    C. Length: The paper needs to be a minimum of two pages and should not exceed four pages. You should include a title page, abstract and reference page-these do not

    count toward the whole page total.

    D. APA Format: APA Format is strictly enforced and points will be deducted in the event that there are APA errors. Also, be sure to use proper grammar and spelling

    throughout. Points will be deducted for improper grammar, sentence structure, spelling, etc. If you are struggling with APA and are having a difficult time navigating

    the manual, please utilize the following website to assist you; https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/

    A. Content: Be sure to discuss the following information within your paper:
    a. Identify and examine the problem:
    i. What are the abnormal behaviors? What problem is the client facing?
    ii. List and discuss the specific symptoms the client is exhibiting
    iii. Generate a hypothesis or guess as to what the client may be suffering from
    b. Link the symptoms and abnormal behaviors to research and your gained knowledge of abnormal behaviors:
    i. Further discuss and explain the client’s symptoms and what these symptoms mean (you could utilize a reference here)
    ii. Is there more information you would collect? How would you go about collecting that information?
    iii. Back up your hypothesis (you could utilize a reference here)
    c. Course of treatment:
    i. What would you utilize to assess the client’s behaviors? How did you make that choice? (you could utilize a reference here) – remember the chapter on assessment
    ii. What is the next step after identifying what the client may be suffering from? (you could utilize a reference here)

    B. Reminder: Papers need to be one cohesive paper-they should not be sections divided by large spaces or bullets, etc. Include an introduction, set up your main points

    and then bring them to a close with a nice concluding paragraph. Be sure to use your source(s) and cite appropriately throughout the paper. If you do not cite your

    sources, it is plagiarism.

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