Discussion 1 Problem Solving and Reasoning
Ashford University Discussion
There are many ways in which cultural differences impact cognitive development. One of the areas in which we see the impact relating to cultural differences is with the development of reasoning and problem solving skills as is discussed in Chapter 8 of our textbook. “Because our habits of mind are influenced by our cultural and historical circumstances, the decision-making strategies that we seek to promote in students reflect our own culture” (Brenner & Parks, 2001). We must be aware of this and ensure that we are taking the cultural backgrounds of the children we work with into consideration as we help them to develop the ability to reason and solve problems. In this discussion, you will examine the social and cultural impacts on cognitive development by taking a deeper look at the development of reasoning and problem solving skills. Before responding to this discussion, review the Week Four Instructor Guidance for additional information, resources, and support.Explain how cognitive characteristics help children learn how to reason, when these abilities to reason develop, and the role social skills play in the ability to reason. Use examples to support your thinking.Discuss the cognitive characteristics that help children learn how to develop problem solving skills including the role culture plays in the way a child reasons or solves problems.Describe how the development of reasoning and problem solving skills relates to Vygotsky’s social constructivist approach and the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD). Use one additional scholarly source and examples to support your thinking.Examine the cultural considerations that need to be taken into account when planning strategies to develop reasoning and problem solving skills. Provide a specific example for both reasoning and problem solving that supports your examination.Guided Response: Respond to at least two of your peers. Using one of the ideas shared in your peer’s initial post, provide an example of a strategy that you would use to help children develop reasoning or problem solving skills. Make sure to describe how the strategy fits within the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) for the children you would use the strategy with. Though two replies is the basic expectation, for deeper engagement and learning, you are encouraged to provide responses to any comments or questions others have given to you. This will further the conversation and provide you with opportunities to demonstrate your content expertise, critical thinking, and real-world experiences with this topic.
Discussion 2Relationships Between Cognitive, Language, and Motor DevelopmentAshford University DiscussionCognitive, language, and motor skills are often thought to be closely interrelated developmental areas, because as children develop in these domains, they appear to demonstrate correlated developmental pathways. For this discussion you will need to choose one age group from the chart below and review all three videos for the age group you choose. After watching Pollack’s (n.d.) videos, address the points listed below. Before responding to this discussion, review the Week Four Instructor Guidance for additional information, resources, and support.
Videos to Watch
Two Year Olds
Age 2 Cognitive Development Milestones
Age 2 Language Milestones
Age 2 Motor Development Milestones
Four Year Olds
Age 4 Cognitive Development Milestones
Age 4 Language Milestones
Age 4 Motor Development Milestones
Six and Seven Year Olds
Age 6 & Age 7 Cognitive Development Milestones
Age 6 & Age 7 Language Development Milestones
Age 6 & Age 7 Motor Development Milestones
Explain the cognitive, linguistic, and motor milestones for this particular age group.Discuss the connection and/or relationship between cognitive, language, and motor skills and the areas of the brain associated with language and motor functioning. Support your discussion with at least one additional scholarly source.Give an example of how you might see this relationship inside and/or outside of the classroom. Make sure your example addresses the connection between each domain.Discuss how you can apply a strategy in the classroom or in a professional setting that incorporates and utilizes these three developmental skills.
Guided Response: Respond to at least twopeers. For your response, choose two peers’ post that discussed an age range that was different than your chosen age range and compare and contrast how the motor and linguistic milestones vary among the age range you chose and that of your peers. Then, after watching the video Top Warning Signs Your Child is Developmentally Delayed , discuss one way to identify a motor, language, and/or cognitive delay in children (Pollack, n.d.). Though two replies is the basic expectation, for deeper engagement and learning, you are encouraged to provide responses to any comments or questions others have given to you. This will further the conversation and provide you with opportunities to demonstrate your content expertise, critical thinking, and real-world experiences with this topic.
Ashford University Assignment Submision Week 1 AssignmentSelf-Reflection
Reflecting on your learning is a useful strategy for ensuring you have a solid understanding of the content being learned. With four weeks of our course complete, it is an ideal time to stop and reflect on what you have learned and how you will use what you have learned in your work with children. Create a one page document that considers your learning from the course to date. Include your thoughts on the following:Which activities have been most enjoyable to you and why?Which knowledge or skills have you acquired that have been the most meaningful to you and why?What have you learned that you feel has application for you professionally? Provide a specific example to help explain your thinking.What topic that has been discussed in this course do you feel like you still need a better understanding of?How might you go about gaining a deeper understanding of this topic?