Police-Community Relations vs. Community-Oriented Policing
In reviewing the text, thoroughly explain the differences between community-oriented policing and police-community relations. How do police-community relations interact or associate with community-oriented policing? How did the philosophical or theoretical changes happen over time?
The public era of cooperation with the community went through some changes during the 1930’s to the 1960’s. Police departments became more isolated from the public and were not as involved in the community. They would respond to criminal activity but they did not intermingle with the public (Oliver, 2008). From 1960 to 1985 police departments created the police community relations which meant that the departments would still respond to criminal activity as usual but now they would have more in depth contact with the public (Oliver, 2008).
After the mid 80’s police community relations began to change to what is now community oriented policing. This is where the programs adopted by the department are then intermingled with the public. An example would be to host a crime prevention fair or carnival. This would allow for the community to see the policeman in a different view than just driving around in a squad car. Programs such as these would grow the participation of the community; build trust from the community towards the officers and the department. It would also take the fear of crime out of the citizen’s lives, as they police became an actual member of their community.
The changes in philosophy happened over time as the conditions of the communities changed. Departments recognized that they were more effective when they were accepted within the community rather than just being located in the community. The benefits of winning over the public and actually becoming part of their lives in the community would render many benefits. This would allow for better communities to live in, more effective police departments and an all around better place to live.
Oliver, W. (2008). Community Oriented Policing A Sytematic Approach To Policing. New Jersey: Pearson Education Company.
need to tell the bad and good of post list references.