1. Write in the appropriate name for the hormone(s) representing the reproductive biology axis below.
2. What organ or cell represents the reproductive biology term below?
GONAD: testes ovaries
GAMETE: sperm ova
3. MATCHING. Female reproductive cycles. Match the following terms with their description.
A. Menstrual cycle
B. Follicular phase
C. Luteal phase
_____ Maturation of a primordial follicle to form an oocyte/egg
____B_ Monthly series of events associated with maturation of an egg
_____ Includes a “surge” of hormones from all 3 levels of the HPG axis
_____ The result of a “surge” of hormones from all 3 levels of the HPG axis
_____ Phase during which a female is primed to be sexually responsive
_____ Characterized by increased progesterone levels
4. MATCHING. Female reproductive anatomy. Match the following terms with their description.
B. Fallopian Tube
_____ Dilation of this is measured to determine the readiness for parturition
_____ Site of implantation of developing embryo
_____ Lining is shed during menses phase of menstrual cycle
_____ Site of fertilization
_____ Stimulated by oxytocin or the drug pitocin to produce uterine contractions
_____ 6. During fertilization, sperm initially binds to the __.
11. One of the problems with early pregnancy tests (such as EPT) is the risk of a false negative result if the test is performed during the very early or very late stages of pregnancy. Why are these tests considered to be accurate only between 2-8 weeks after fertilization?
12. In the article “Regulation of ovulation by human pheromones” (Stern K and McClintock MK, 1998, Nature 392:177-179), Fig 3 shows the effect of human pheromones on the length of each of the three phases of the menstrual cycle.